Kinkaku-ji Temple,(金閣寺)
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Kinkaku-ji Temple,(金閣寺)

1. Location-Access

This temple is located at the foot of Mt.Kinugasa Area. Usually, it takes around 45 minutes from Kyoto station, nearest Kinkakuji-mae bus stop.

2. Who was built this temple?

Kinkaku-ji Temple was originally the villa of Saionji Kinugasa of Fijiwara Family, a noble in the early Kamakura Period(1185-1333). Ashikaga Toshimasa, the third shogun of the Muromachi shogunate, purchased and renovated the villa in 1397.
He used it as the political center.

3. What is enshrined in this temple?

After Yoshimitsu died, this villa was conversed into the temple of Zen Buddhism by his will.
And it named by Soseki Muso, a Zen priest after the priest name who became a priest.

4. What is this temple famous for ?

1) Kinkau-ji Temple is listed as one of the 17 World Cultural Heritage Site in Kyoto.  Along with Gnakau-ji is one of temples that represents Kyoto. Most tourists visit both Kinkaku-ji and Ginkaku-ji Temple. Kinkau-ji is officially named “Rockon-ji”.

2) This temple was rebuilt two time in 1464 and 1950.
First time, this was burnt down by a war called “Onin War”. Second time, this was burnt down by arson. Temple you see is the one rebuilt by arson.
Kinkau-ji appears in Tukio Mishima novel to be a famous novelist in Showa Period.

5. What is highlight of Shariden?

舎利殿 Golden Pavilion

1) This pavilion is a three-story building on the compound of Rokuon-ji. The top two stories are covered with pure gold leaf.
2) The 1st floor is called “Hosui-in” with Shinden-zukuri or Imperial Palace style.
The 2nd floor is called “Cho-on-do” with Buke-zukuri or Sakura-House style.
The 3rd floor is called “Kukkyoucho” with Zensyu-butuden-zukuri structure.

6. Season charm of Shariden   “四季の楽しみ方”

1) In spring, the cherry bloosoms blooms around the Kinkaku-ji.
2) In summer, the clear blue sky and the trees around Kinkaku-ji will be covered with green leaves.
3) In fall, the leaves turn red and yellow, and Kinku-ji will be surronnded with lovely coloring on trees.
4) In winter, if it snows, the Kinkaku-ji will be covered with snow.
5) The roof of this Pavilion is made by Cypress-shinge in a traditional farm-house style. A golden-foiled bronze statue of phenix bird is installed on the top to project the pavilion.

7. “Riku-shu or Boat on the Land “Pine Tree” “陸舟の松”

This pine tree is at least unusual 600-year-old Bonsai(Dwarf Plant) style pine tree. Therefore this pine tree doesn’t grow normally up straight and rather creeps horizontally over the ground.This state of creeping represents a bot or a ship while the white sand spreads over in front of the pine tree.