Shinnyo-do Temple(真如堂)
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Shinnyo-do Temple(真如堂)

1. Location-Access

This temple is located at Higashiyama area near Ginkaku-ji in the North/East of Kyoto.
It takes 35 minutes from Kyoto station to Shinnyodo-mae by city bus #5, ten-minute walk.

2. Who was built this temple?

1) This temple was built in 984 at the detached palace of Kaguraoka-higashi by the foundation patron of Hieizan, priest Kaizan.
The formal name is “Shinshogokuraku-ji” of Tendai Sect.

2) It is said to be the request of Senshi Fujiwara who was also known as Higashi Sanjyo-in, the mother of Emperor Ichijyo. Amida Nyorai standing statue made by Gikaku Buddhist saint was established at the main hall.

3) At first, the temple was located to Malashinryo-do at the north-east of present place.
But after being devastered in Onin Wars, it was moved to several areas and finally started to reconstruct at the present locations in 1693.

4) The main hall was established in 1717, is one of the largest of main hall among the temple of Tendai Sect in Kyoto city. The principal image, Amida Nyorai statue is enshrined in this hall. This statue is called “Unazuki-no-mida” and is open the public only once a year, on November 15.

3. What is this temple famous for ?

1) Temple Treasures 貴重な寺宝

The temple treasures includes six volumes of Lolus Sutra copied at the behest of Unkei, a famous sculptor, the Shinnyo-do Engi to depict scenes of Onin Wars and other historic episodes, the great Picture of Nehan, open to the public every March and other numerous cultural assets.

2) Nehan garden outstanding the Higashiyama mountain range 東山連峰が一望できる涅槃の庭

It’s very famous for beautiful spring Sakura and autumn leaves, particularly around Nehan garden with a borrowed landscape of the Higashiyama Mountains, three-story pagota and temple hall. Nehan(Nervada) garden is a dry landscape garden incorporating the scenery of Higashiyama Sanjyu-Roppo with Mt Hiei and Mt. Daimonji.

3) Ancient Graves 歴史のある墓

In this temple, there are lots of ancient-graves names, such as the daughter of Emperor Gousai Shinjuingu, the Fujiwara Family and father of Emperor Kasugano-tubone .

4. What is the highlight?

1) 総門   Sanmon (Main gate)

Sanmon is reffered to as “Red gate” painted vermilion gate and was built in 1685, Edo period.

2) 本堂 Main hall (Important Cultural property)

Hondo is commonly reffered to as “Unazuki-no-Amida” and the principal image is Amida Nyorai.

3) 書院  Shoin

There are Nehan(Nirvana) garden and Zuien(Imperial) garden in this garden.
① The landscape of painting of Great Nirvara which Buddha represents extinction, is designed. It shows as follows. The foreground is the Gangers River flow.
Buddha with a stone in the center. Pebbles around is the lamenting disciples.
Mitsui family’s temple has the fourth of the crest.
② Zuien garden is a dry landscape garden made by Chisao Shigemori in 2010.
Zuien means that the psychology of Buddha is expressed in various ways by fate.

② 隋縁の庭は2010年重森千青氏より作庭された枯山水庭園である。隋縁とは「仏の心理自体は縁によって様々な姿で表現する」という。三井家の菩提寺で家紋「四つ目結」でデザインされている。)

4) 三重塔(京都府指定文化剤)  Three-story Pagota

Architecture in Edo period ,1817.

5) 元三大師堂(京都府指定文化剤) Gensandaisi

This building is architecture in Edo period, 1696 and he was enshrined as 18th chief abbot of Tendai Sect.

6) 鐘楼堂(京都府指定文化剤)  Touro-do

Architecture in Edo period, 1817.

7) 鎌倉地蔵堂  Kamakurajizou-do

Jizouson broughy from Kamakura, is enshrined. In the Noh performance “Maruo Trap
and Sasyo-ishi” the kakera were curved.

8) 万霊堂  Banrei-do

Unrelated countress spirits are enshrined in centering Jizo Bosatsu.